Hailed as the ‘temple of Indian democracy’ the Parliament of India is the supreme legislative Institute in India. The Parliament enacts the laws that govern the country. In this article are some ‘quick information bits’ about the Parliament of India that many people are unaware of.
But there are many other things that you shouldn’t miss –
- The ‘Sansad Bhavan’ is the meeting place of the Parliament members. The designer of the house was Edwin Lutyens and Herbert Baker. It is circular in shape which symbolizes ‘Continuity’.
- The Parliament of India is ‘bicameral’ in nature. This means that there are two houses of Parliament- Lok Sabha (Lower House) and Rajya Sabha (Upper House).
- Most people think that Parliament is of two houses only. But they miss out the fact that the President of India is also a part of the Parliament. In fact, The President of India is the head of the Legislature.
- The Lower House (Lok Sabha) is of 545 members. The Indian people elect 543 members directly while the rest two are Anglo- Indians nominate by the President.
- The Upper House (Rajya Sabha) has 245 members. 12 out of 245 proposes by the President-experts in the field of Science, Sports, Culture etc. The remaining 233 are elected by the elect members of ‘State Legislature Assembly’.
- Only two Union Territories have representation in Upper House- Delhi and Pondicherry. The rest UTs have no representation in Rajya Sabha.
- The Lok Sabha MPs are selective for a period of 5 years. The Rajya Sabha MPs are elected for a term of 6 years.
- The minimum age for becoming MP in Lok Sabha is 25 years while for Rajya Sabha it is 30 years.
- Unlike the Lok Sabha, the Rajya Sabha can’t be dissolved by the President of India.
- The color of carpets in both the houses has symbolic value. The Lok Sabha carpet is green represents that India is an ‘agricultural land’ and that people here are ‘elected from grass roots’. The Red colored carpet in Rajya Sabha represents ‘Royalty’ and the ‘sacrifice of our freedom fighters’.
- The second largest library of India is also situated in the Sansad Bhavan.
- The ‘Quorum’ required for each house is the minimum number of members to be present to hold the sitting of the house- is 1/10th of the total membership of the concerned house which is equally important.
- Not to mention I know that you know about the ‘cheapest food’ specialty of Parliament!
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